Entry on the Glaucous Macaw (Anodorhynchus glaucus) in the Catalogue of the Psittaci, or Parrots in the Collection of the British Museum

(page 149) by Count Tommaso SALVADORI published in 1891.

The Catalogue of the Birds in the British Museum - a landmark in the history of ornithology - was produced under the editorship of Richard Bowdler Sharpe and published in 27 volumes between 1874 and 1898 by order of the Trustees. Although the original plan was that Bowdler Sharpe should produce the entire work, this proved impossible and he was therefore assisted by ten well-known ornitholgists - Gadow, Hargitt, Hartert, Oglivie-Grant, Salvadori, Salvin, Saunders, Sclater, Seebohm and Shelley. The entire work when completed described 11,617 species distributed over 2,255 genera.

Count Tommaso Salvadori (1835-1923), who worked at the Zoological Museum in Turin, Italy, was responsible for Volume 20 dedicated to parrots and Volume 21 on pigeons. According to the introduction to Volume 20 he was asked by Albert Günther, Keeper of the Department of Zoology, to undertake the production of the work in the spring of 1889. He finished at the end of 1891 after two and a half years labour. The British Museum held 5,113 specimens belonging to 450 species. He had access to an additional 49 species in Italian collections, thus 499 species are described including 13 for the first time. There were also 14 species and subspecies he was unable to identify.

Page 147


Anodorhynchus, Spix, Av. Bras. I. Tab xi* (1824). Type A. hyacinthinus.
Aodorhynchus, Spix, Av. Bras. i. p. 25 (1824).
Sittace, part., Wagl. Mon. Psitt. p. 499 (1832).
Anodontorhynchus, Agassiz, Nomencl. Zool. Index Univ. p. 24 (1846). Anadorhynchus, Finsch, Papag. i. p. 387 (1867).
Anoplorhynchus, Sundev. Méth. Nat. Av. Disp. Tent. p. 70 (1872) Type A. hyacinthinus.
Range. Central Brazil and Paraguay.

Key to the Species.

a. Nearly uniform cobalt-blue...........................................hyacinthinus, p. 147
b. Cobalt-blue; head, neck, and also lower parts
greenish blue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .............................. leari, p.148.
c. Greenish blue; head and neck with a distinct
greyish tinge, darker on the cheeks, throat, and
upper breast. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .......................glaucus, p.149.

Page 149

3. Anodorhynchus glaucus.

Guacamayo azul, Azara, Apunt. Hist. nat. Parag. i. p. 402, n. 273 (1802).
Guacamayo bleu, Azara, Voy. (ed. Sonn.), iii. p. 53 (1809).
Macrocercus glaucus, Vieill. N. D. ii. p. 259 (1816); Burm. ,Syst. Ueb. ii. p.160 (1856).
Macrocercus hyacinthinus, part. Vieill. Gal. Ois. pt. 2, p. 3 (1823?); id. Enc. Méth. iii. p.1416 (partim) (1823); Less. Tr. d'Orn. p.186 (partim) (1831).
Sittace glauca, Wagl. Mon. Psitt. p. 676, t. xxvi, (1832) ; Finsch, Papag. i. p. 391 (1867); Pelz. Orn. Bras. p. 254 (note) (1871); Gieb. Thes. Orn. iii. p. 495 (1877); Rchnw. Vogelbild. t. ix. f. 1 (1878-83); id. Journ. f. Orn.1881, p. 266 (Consp. Psitt. p.154).
Psitticara glauca, Bourj. Perr. pl.14 (1837-38).
Psittacus glaucus, Hahn, Orn. Atl., Papag. p. 97, t. 76 (1840).
Ara glauca, G.R.Gr.Gen.B.ii. p. 412, n.12 (l845); id. List Psitt. Brit. Mus. p. 30 (l859); Sclat.& Salv. Nomencl. Av. Neotrop. p.111 (1873); Sclat. P. Z. S. 1879, p. 551,1886, pp. 320, 417; Berl. Journ. f. Orn. 1887, p.121.
? Ara hyacinthine, Des Murs, in Casteln. Exp. Am. du Sud, Ois. p.11 (Paraguay) (1855).
Macrocercus (Cyanopsitta,) glaucus, Bp. Rev. et Mag. de Zool. 1854, p.149, n. 2 ; Souancé, Rev. et Mag. de Zool. 1856, p. 56.
Anodorhynchus glaucus, Bp. Naumannia,1856, Consp.Psitt. no. 3; Souancé, Icon. Perr. pl. i. f. 2 (1857); G. R. Gr. Hand-list, ii. p.145, n. 8087 (1870).
Arara glauca, Schleg. Mus. P-B. Psittaci, p. 2 (1864); id. op. Cit. Revue, p. 1 (1874).

Adult male. Greenish blue, head and neck with a distinct greyish tinge, cheeks, throat, and upper breast tinged with brownish; the underparts and under wing-coverts greener; greater under wing-coverts, inner web of the quills towards the base, quills and tail-feathers underneath blackish : naked skin round the eyes and at the base of the lower mandible yellow; bill black ; feet blackish. Total length about 29 inches, wing 14·5, tail 15, bill 2·7, tarsus 1 ·22.
Hab. Paraguay, Uruguay, and Southern Brazil.

a. Ad. st. Paraguay. Massena Coll.
b. male ad. sk. Paraguay. Salvin-Godman Coll.

Latest News

  • Tuesday 9th July 2024

    There is a short interesting article in the July 2024 issue of the German magazine "Papageien" about the setting up of a nature conservation centre for Spix’s Macaws  in the São Paulo zoo. Under the guidance of biologist Fernanda ... Read More »


 " Naturam expellas furca, tamen usque recurret "

( If you drive out nature with a pitchfork, she will soon find a way back)

Horace (65-8 BC)